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List of national independence days

An Independence Day is an annual celebration commemorating the anniversary of a nation‘s assumption of independent statehood, usually after ceasing to be a colony or part of another state, more rarely after the end of a military occupation. Most countries honor their respective independence day as a national holiday and some countries or nations’ independence-date honors are contested. Not all countries have independence days, instead they celebrate another national day.

The following is a partial list of independence days of countries around the world:

Country↓ Date↓ Independence↓ Event↓
Afghanistan 08-19 !August 19 Independence from United Kingdom control over Afghan foreign affairs in 1919.
Albania 11-28 !November 28 (Dita e Pavarësisë) Declared by Ismail Qemali in 1912 and signalled the end of five centuries of Ottoman rule.
Algeria 07-05 !July 5 Independence from France in 1962.
Angola 11-11 !November 11 Independence from Portugal in 1975.
Antigua and Barbuda 11-01 !November 1 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1981.
Argentina 07-09 !July 9 Independence declared from Spain in 1816.
Armenia 09-21 !September 21 Independence from the Soviet Union in 1991.
Austria 10-26 !October 26 Independence from Allies of World War II in 1955 National Day.
Azerbaijan 10-18 !October 18
May 28
Independence from the Russian Empire in 1918.
Independence re-declared from the Soviet Union in 1991
Bahamas 07-10 !July 10 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1973.
Bahrain 12-16 !December 16 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1971 National Day.
Bangladesh 03-26 !March 26 Independence was declared from Pakistan and this led to a nine month war ending on December 16, 1971.
Barbados 11-30 !November 30 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1966.
Belarus 07-03 !July 3 Liberation of Minsk from German occupation by Soviet troops in 1944.
Belgium 21-07 !July 21 Independence from the Netherlands (Belgian revolution) on October 4, 1830 . Leopold of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld takes the oath as first king of the Belgians on 21 July 1831. National Day.
Belize 09-21 !September 21 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1981. September Celebrations.
Benin 08-01 !August 1 Independence from France in 1960.
Bolivia 08-06 !August 6 Independence from Spain in 1825.
Bosnia and Herzegovina 03-01 !March 1 Independence from the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in 1992.
Botswana 09-30 !September 30 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1966.
Brazil 09-07 !September 7 Declared Independence from Portugal on that date in 1822. Dia da Independência
Brunei 01-01 !January 1 Independence from United Kingdom in 1984
Bulgaria 09-22 !September 22 Independence from Ottoman Empire in 1908
Burkina Faso 08-05 !August 5 Independence from France in 1960
Burundi 07-01 !July 1 Independence from Belgium in 1962
Cambodia 11-09 !November 9 Independence from France in 1953
Canada 07-01 !July 1 (Canada Day) Commemorates the formation of Canada, a confederation of four self-governing provinces, in 1867.
Cape Verde 07-05 !July 5 Independence from Portugal in 1975.
Central African Republic 08-13 !August 13 Independence from France in 1960.
Chad 08-11 !August 11 Independence from France in 1960.
Chile 02-12 !February 12 Declared Independence from Spain on that date in 1818. Actually, Chileans celebrate the date of the first Government Junta, September 18. This date was not recognized as until 25 April 1844.
Colombia 07-20 !July 20 and August 7 Independence from Spain in 1810.
Democratic Republic of the Congo 06-30 !June 30 Independence from Belgium in 1960.
Costa Rica 09-15 !September 15 Independence from Spain in 1821.
Côte d’Ivoire 08-07 !August 7 Independence from France in 1960.
Croatia 10-08 !October 8 and June 25 Independence from Yugoslavia in 1991. Independence was declared, after a referendum, by the Parliament on June 25 (the date is celebrated as Statehood Day); EU pressured Croatia into a three month moratorium, and on October 8 the ties with SFRJ were formally severed.
Cuba 05-20 !May 20 Independence from United States in 1902.
Cyprus 10-01 !October 1 Independence from the United Kingdom on August 16, 1960, but Cyprus Independence Day is commonly celebrated on October 1.[1]
Czech Republic 10-28 !October 28 and 01-01 !January 1 As Czechoslovakia, marking independence from Austria-Hungary on October 28, 1918.As the Czech Republic after the split of Czechoslovakia
Djibouti 06-27 !June 27 Independence from France in 1977
Dominica 11-03 !November 3 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1978
Dominican Republic 02-27 !February 27 Independence from Haiti in 1844, after a 22-year occupation.
East Timor 05-20 !May 20 Independence from Portugal in 2002 (recognition, East Timor was invaded by Indonesia from 1975 to 1999, officially it never ceased to be considered as administrated by Portugal).
Ecuador 08-10 !August 10 and May 24 Proclaimed independence from Spain on August 10, 1809, but failed with the execution of all the conspirators of the movement on August 2, 1810. Independence finally occurred on May 24, 1822 at the Battle of Pichincha.
El Salvador 09-15 !September 15 Independence from Spain in 1821
Eritrea 05-24 !May 24 Independence from Ethiopia in 1993.
Estonia 02-24 !February 24
August 20
Independence from the Russian Empire in 1918.
Independence re-declared from the Soviet Union in 1991
Fiji 10-10 !October 10 Independence from United Kingdom in 1970.
Finland 12-06 !December 6 Independence Day of Finland Independence from Russia in 1917.
Gabon 08-17 !August 17 Independence from France in 1960.
The Gambia 02-18 !February 18 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1965.
Georgia 05-26 !May 26April 9 Day of First Republic in 1918.Independence from USSR in 1991.
Ghana 03-06 !March 6 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1957.
Greece 03-25 !March 25 Declaration of independence from Ottoman Empire in 1821. Start of the Greek War of Independence
Grenada 02-07 !February 7 Declaration of independence from United Kingdom in 1974.
Guatemala 09-15 !September 15 Independence from Spain in 1821.
Guinea 10-02 !October 2 Independence from France in 1958.
Guyana 05-26 !May 26 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1966.
Haiti 01-01 !January 1 Declaration of Independence from France in 1804.
Honduras 09-15 !September 15 Independence from Spain in 1821.
Iceland 12-01 !December 1 Independence from Kingdom of Denmark in 1918.
India 08-15 !August 15 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1947.
Indonesia 08-17 !August 17 Declaration of Independence day (Hari Proklamasi Kemerdekaan R.I.) from the Netherlands in 1945. The Netherlands acknowledged Indonesian independence and sovereignty in 1949.
Iran 02-11 !February 11 Iranian Revolution ends Monarchy in 1979.
Iraq 10-03 !October 03 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1932.
Ireland 04-24 !April 24 Proclamation of the Irish Republic commencing the Easter Rising on April 24, 1916. Independence from the United Kingdom.
Israel 05-14 ! May 14 (Yom Ha’atzmaut) Independence from the British Mandate of Palestine which took place on May 14, 1948 (5 Iyar 5708 in the Hebrew calendar). It is actually celebrated on Tuesday, Wednesday or Thursday nearest to 5 Iyar, so it actually occurs between the 3rd and 6th of Iyar, which may fall between April 15 and May 15 in the Gregorian calendar.
Jamaica 08-06 !August 6 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1962.
Jordan 05-25 !May 25 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1946.
Kazakhstan 12-16 !December 16 Independence from the Soviet Union in 1991.
Kenya 12-12 !December 12 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1963.
Korea, North 09-09 !September 9 Founding of the DPRK in 1948.
Korea, South 08-15 !August 15 (Gwangbokjeol) Independence from Japan in 1945. (Independence from Japan was declared on March 1, 1919, August 15 is the official Liberation Day of Korea.)
Kuwait 06-19 !June 19 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1961.
Kyrgyzstan 08-31 !August 31 Independence from USSR in 1991.
Laos 11-18 !July 19 Independence from France on July 19, 1949.
Latvia 11-18 !November 18 and May 4 Independence from Russia on November 18, 1918.
Independence from Soviet Union on May 4, 1990
Lebanon 11-22 !November 22 Independence from France in 1943.
Lesotho 10-04 !October 4 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1966.
Liberia 07-26 !July 26 1847.
Libya 12-24 !December 24, 1951 Independence from Italy. However, celebration of this day was abolished after the “revolution” of September 1, 1969.
Lithuania 02-16 !February 16 and March 11 Act of Independence of Lithuania: Independence from the Russian and German Empires in February, 1918; Act of the Re-Establishment of the State of Lithuania: independence from the Soviet Union in March, 1990.
Republic of Macedonia 09-08 !September 8 (Den na nezavisnosta or Ден на независноста) Independence from Yugoslavia in 1991.
Madagascar 06-26 !June 26 Independence from France in 1960.
Malawi 07-06 !July 6 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1964.
Malaysia 08-31 !August 31 (Hari Merdeka) Independence from the United Kingdom in 1957
Maldives 07-26 !July 26 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1965 join[2]
Mali 09-22 !September 22 Independence from France in 1960
Malta 09-21 !September 21 (Independence Day (Malta)) Independence from the United Kingdom in 1964.
Mauritius 03-12 !March 12 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1968.
Mexico 09-16 !September 16 (Grito de Dolores) Independence from Spain declared in 1810. Recognized on September 27, 1821
Moldova 08-27 !August 27 (Independence Day) Declaration of Independence from the Soviet Union in 1991 National Day.
Mongolia 11-26 !November 26 Independence from China on July 11, 1921
Montenegro 05-21 !May 21 Independence from State union with Serbia, in 2006
Morocco 11-18 !November 18 Independence from France and Spain in 1956
Mozambique 06-25 !June 25 Independence from Portugal in 1975
Myanmar 01-04 !January 4 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1948
Namibia 03-21 !March 21 Independence from South African mandate in 1990
Netherlands 05-05 !May 5 (Bevrijdingsdag) Liberation from Nazi Germany in 1945
Nicaragua 09-15 !September 15 Independence from Spain in 1821
Niger 08-03 !August 3 Independence from France in 1960
Nigeria 10-01 !October 1 Independence from United Kingdom in 1960
Pakistan 08-14 !August 14 (Yaum e Azadi) Independence from the United Kingdom on 27 Ramadan ul Mubarik, August 14, 1947.
Panama 11-3 !November 3 Emancipation and Liberation from Spain on November 28th in 1821, but Panama was a part of Colombia. The 1903 separation and independence from Colombia is celebrated as the official national Panamanian independence day on November 3, Separation Day,also known as Independence from Colombia).
Papua New Guinea 09-16 !September 16 Independence from Australia of the former Territories of New Guinea, and Papua, in 1975.
Paraguay 05-15 !May 15 (Día de Independencia) Independence from Spain in 1811.
Peru 07-28 !July 28 Independence from Spain in 1821.
Philippines 06-12 !June 12 (Araw ng Kalayaan) The proclamation date of the 1898 Declaration of Independence by Emilio Aguinaldo during the Philippine Revolution is celebrated as Independence Day. The Republic of the Philippines was recognized as an independent nation on July 4, 1946.
Poland 11-11 !November 11 (Święto Niepodległości) Restoration of Poland’s independence in 1918 after 123 years of partitions by Austro-Hungary, Prussia, and Russia.
Portugal 12-01 !December 1 Restoration of Portugal’s independence (from Spain) in 1640.The country’s original independence (from the Kingdom of León) was recognized on October 5 of 1143. That day is a holiday in Portugal, but for a different reason. (Implantation of the Republic, or Republic Day. Event of 1910.) Note that none of these events are similar to today’s declarations or recognition of independence as these are in fact the recognition of the rule of a king to the land. Portugal existed as a separate entity before 1143 and during the union with Spain between 1580 and 1640.
Qatar 12-18 !December 18 The assumption of power of Sheikh Jassem bin Mohamed al-Thani, ancestor of the current ruling family, in 1878.
Russia 06-12 !June 12 Supremacy of Russian laws over Soviet ones in the territory of the RSFSR is declared in 1990.
Romania 12-01 !December 01 Independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1877.
Rwanda 07-01 !July 1 Independence from Belgium in 1962.
Saint Kitts and Nevis 09-19 !September 19 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1983.
Samoa 06-01 !June 1 Independence from New Zealand in 1962.
São Tomé and Príncipe 07-12 !July 12 Independence from Portugal in 1975.
Serbia 02-15 !February 15 The beginning of the Serbian revolution against Ottoman occupation in 1804.
Seychelles 06-29 !June 29 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1976.
Sierra Leone 04-27 !April 27 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1961.
Singapore 08-09 !August 9 (National Day (Singapore)) Marks separation from Malaysia in 1965.
Solomon Islands 07-07 !July 7 Marks exit / independence from United Kingdom in 1978.
Slovakia 07-17 !July 17 Declaration of Independence in 1992 (only a remembrance day), de jure independence came on January 1, 1993 after the division of Czechoslovakia (public holiday).
Slovenia 12-26 !December 26 and June 25 (Independence and Unity Day) Date of the release of the official results of the independence plebiscite in 1990, confirming secession from Yugoslavia. (Statehood Day) Declared independence from Yugoslavia in 1991.
South Africa 12-11 !December 11 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1931. Not a public holiday. Union of South Africa formed on May 31, 1910 and Republic of South Africa declared on May 31, 1961
Sri Lanka 02-04 !February 4 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1948.
Sudan 01-01 !January 1 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1956.
Suriname 11-25 !November 25 Independence from the Netherlands in 1975.
Swaziland 09-06 !September 6 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1968.
Switzerland 08-01 !August 1 (Swiss National Day) Alliance against the Holy Roman Empire in 1291.
Tajikistan 09-09 !September 9 Independence from the Soviet Union in 1991.
Tanzania 12-09 !December 9 Declaration of independence from United Kingdom in 1961.
Trinidad and Tobago 08-31 !August 31 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1962.
Tonga 06-04 !June 4 Tonga was never a colony, but late King’s birthday was celebrated on 4 July.
Togo 04-27 !April 27 Independence from France in 1960.
Tunisia 03-20 !March 20 Declaration of independence from France in 1956.
Turkey 10-29 !October 29 Turkey becomes a republic following the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire Turkish War of Independence
Turkmenistan 10-27 !October 27 Declaration of independence from the Soviet Union in 1991.[3]
Ukraine 08-24 !August 24 and January 22 (Den’ Nezalezhnosti) Independence from the Soviet Union on August 24, 1991. Unification of Ukraine on January 22, 1919.[4]
United Arab Emirates 12-02 !December 2 (National Day) Independence from the United Kingdom in 1971.
United States 07-04 !July 4 (Fourth of July) Declaration of Independence from the Kingdom of Great Britain in 1776.
Uruguay 08-25 !August 25 (Día de la Independencia) Declaration of independence from Brazil in 1825.
Uzbekistan 09-01 !September 1 Independence from USSR in 1991.
Vanuatu 07-30 !July 30 Independence from United Kingdom and France in 1980.
Vatican City 02-11 !February 11 Lateran Treaty signed with Italy in 1929.
Venezuela 07-05 !July 5 Declaration of independence from Spain in 1811.
Vietnam 09-02 !September 2 Proclamation of independence from Japan and France in 1945.
Yemen 11-30 !November 30 South Yemen Declaration of independence from United Kingdom in 1967.
Zambia 10-24 !October 24 Declaration of independence from United Kingdom in 1964.
Zimbabwe 04-18 !April 18 Declaration of independence from United Kingdom in 1980.

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